A gallus pl. The earliest references to the galli come from the Anthologia Palatina a compilation of the 10th century , although they do not explicitly mention emasculation. A fragment attributed to Callimachus cites the term gallai as denoting castration. Stephanus Byzantinus said that the name came from King Gallus. A connection has been made [ by whom? At Pessinus , the centre of the Cybele cult, there were two high priests during the Hellenistic period, one with the title of "Attis" and the other with the name of "Battakes".
Transsexual Priestesses, Sexuality and the Goddess
Transsexual Priestesses, Sexuality and the Goddess | Maetreum of Cybele | Magna Mater
During the formative years of the Roman Republic , especially after its territorial acquisitions following the Four Macedonian Wars, contact with the Greek culture -- especially their religion -- left a lasting imprint on the Roman way of life. Along with other aspects of the Hellenic civilization , the Romans adopted the pantheon of Greek gods, although they changed many of their names. However, besides this array of deities, they also acquired several of their cults, and cults were not always welcomed by those in authority, a concept that would carry through into the Empire. While Bacchus Dionysus to the Greeks was the most notable of these cults and to those in authority, and considered the most threatening to social order, this contact also brought a less menacing sect: the Cult of Cybele. The Hellenic culture had arrived, and to ward off this influx and its impact on society, Roman authorities felt the need to reaffirm their moral superiority over the Greeks; after all, they had been victorious in battle against Greece.
Cybele, Mother Goddess of Rome
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Cybele, a mother goddess of Rome was at the center of a Phrygian cult, and was sometimes known as Magna Mater , or "great goddess. Of particular note was the sacrifice of a bull performed as part of an initiation into Cybele's cult. This ritual was known as the taurobolia , and during the rite a candidate for initiation stood in a pit under a floor with a wooden grate. The bull was sacrificed above the grate, and the blood ran through holes in the wood, showering the initiate. This was a form of ritual purification and rebirth.